A Brief Introduction to Three Types of Microphones

A Brief Introduction to Three Types of Microphones

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Music has always been an important part of human culture. Musical instruments and music have evolved with human evolution. Music is an important subject that can even help in brain development in children. It reduces stress and improves human connection. 

Modern musicians can choose from a good number of instruments, devices and tools to make music. You can make music online with music making tools. You can even connect and collaborate with other musicians online. 

With all these advancements and availabilities in the music industry, basic requirements always remain the same. One such requirement is a microphone. Before you make music online with music tools, you need a microphone that converts your sound waves into electrical energy variations that you can record. 

There are three types of microphone including:

  • Dynamic
  • Condenser
  • Ribbon

Magneto Dynamic Microphone

This popular type of microphone is used in a number of applications. It produces an electrical audio current by using a magnetic field. It has a coil that moves and causes the current to flow. No external (phantom) power is required for signal conversion in this method. You can use a magneto dynamic microphone without an audio interface. However, this will affect sound quality. 

Other types of microphones are more sensitive. They may not be suitable for recording electric and bass guitar, drums and other loud instruments. Magneto dynamic microphone is perfect for recording such instruments. It is durable and versatile. 

This microphone is also suitable for live performances. It is also less likely to distort or break.

Condenser

Signal conversion is different in a condenser mic as compared to a dynamic mic. It has a gold-spluttered mylar or aluminum diaphragm that vibrates to create an electrical current. 

It is constructed in a way that it hardly produces any current during this process. This is the reason why it requires an external power source. Most users agree that condenser microphones provide you with the best sound quality. Noise floor is lower and frequency response is wider. Its sensitivity outputs are higher than other microphones. As a result, this type of microphone is suitable for singing, podcasting, streaming and other studio applications. However, their higher sensitivity can create problems in poor recording rooms. When there is background noise, this is likely to affect the sound quality. You need a better recording room with no background noise if you want to record using a condenser microphone.

Ribbon

Ribbon microphones are not as popular as once they were. However, you still should consider it as an important type of microphones.

There are some similarities between ribbon microphones and dynamic microphones. Both produce an electrical current using a magnetic field. A dynamic microphone uses a coil. On the other hand, a ribbon microphone uses a thin metal sheet.

You can say that a ribbon microphone is a hybrid of the dynamic microphone and condenser microphone. A ribbon microphone reacts to changes in air velocity instead of reacting to sound pressure level. The way ribbon microphones interact with audio, you may notice a warm, dark feel to their recordings. They pick up higher frequencies less than lower frequencies. Ribbon microphones are also sensitive but they provide you with results that are a mix of results by dynamic microphones and condenser microphones. You can use them to record drums, brass strings and other orchestral instruments.

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