DIET

HOW TO CURE FATTY LIVER THROUGH DIET?

Hepatic Steatosis commonly known as fatty liver is a condition when fats builds up in the liver. The excessive fat in liver causes liver inflammation which interferes with its normal functioning.

Types:

Steatosis is of two types:

Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) &

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Non- alcoholic steatohepatitis, is a potentially serious form of the disease which is marked by liver inflammation. It may progress to scarring & irreversible damage (similar to damage caused due to excess alcohol consumption.) At its most serious, non alcoholic steatohepatitis can progress to cirrhosis & liver failure. This condition can occur at any age, but especially in people in their 40s or 50s.

Non -alcoholic fatty liver usually causes no sign or symptoms. It may cause, fatigue & pain in upper right abdomen on becoming serious. Due to NAFLD there is enlargement of liver which can be identified from abdominal ultrasound.

On the other hand, alcoholic fatty liver disease is caused due to heavy alcohol consumption. The liver is responsible for breaking down the alcohol & remove it from the system, during this process harmful substances get generated. These substances can damage the liver cells, promote inflammation & weaken the immunity.

HOW TO CURE FATTY LIVER THROUGH DIET?

Hepatic Steatosis commonly known as fatty liver is a condition when fats builds up in the liver. The excessive fat in liver causes liver inflammation which interferes with its normal functioning.

Types:

Steatosis is of two types:

Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) &

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Non- alcoholic steatohepatitis, is a potentially serious form of the disease which is marked by liver inflammation. It may progress to scarring & irreversible damage (similar to damage caused due to excess alcohol consumption.) At its most serious, non alcoholic steatohepatitis can progress to cirrhosis & liver failure. This condition can occur at any age, but especially in people in their 40s or 50s.

Non -alcoholic fatty liver usually causes no sign or symptoms. It may cause, fatigue & pain in upper right abdomen on becoming serious. Due to NAFLD there is enlargement of liver which can be identified from abdominal ultrasound.

On the other hand, alcoholic fatty liver disease is caused due to heavy alcohol consumption. The liver is responsible for breaking down the alcohol & remove it from the system, during this process harmful substances get generated. These substances can damage the liver cells, promote inflammation & weaken the immunity.

Symptoms like abdominal swelling, enlargement of blood vessels just beneath skin surface, enlargement of breast in men, enlargement of spleen, yellowing of skin & eyes, etc are observed under serious liver damage.

Causes: 

Obesity

High blood pressure

Diabetes

High fat intake and Alcohol consumption

Dyslipidemia(especially high Triglycerides)

Liver infection (eg hepatitis C)

Metabolic syndrome and polycystic ovary syndrome

Sleep apneas

Hypothyroidism or hypopituitarism(underactive pituitary gland)

Tips to correct fatty liver:

  1. Limit or avoid alcohol (based on how much severe is the condition)
  2. Lose weight
  3. Limit on salt & sugar
  4. Dietary modification – reduce refined products, sugar, junk etc
  5. Incorporate variety of seasonal fruits & vegetables in diet along with whole grains & healthy fat.
  6. Superfoods for healthy liver – garlic, omega 3 fatty acids, broccoli, walnuts, ginger etc
  7. Physical activity

Foods to be avoided: – Excessive consumption of sugar, salt – Alcohol – Bakery products – Fried/ junk food – Refined food – Red meat

– Flavoured beverages – Packaged & processed foods –  Foods to include: – MUFA rich diet  – Whey protein  – Green tea  – Soluble fibres – Ginger – Garlic – Turmeric – Berries – Lime

As per the best nutritionist in Mumbai, supplements that may help (not to be taken without proper guidance from qualified nutritionist of physician): – Milk thistle – Omega 3 fatty acid – Multivitamin – Curcumin – Probiotics.

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